Hemorrhoids in women - a common disease that brings great representatives no less trouble than men. It may occur in women even more often, but now they seek help less often.
It seems to them that it is embarrassing, but the problem becomes even greater, because such a specific ailment should be started at the initial stage, especially if you consider that there are more aggravating factors for girls than for boys.
It is also important to remember that hemorrhoids, whether external or internal, will not pass on their own. At whatever stage he is - you need to contact a specialist. Even if you are not sure that you suffer from this particular disease, it is useful to contact the proctologist to rule out or promptly begin to treat hemorrhoidal formations.
In this article, we consider the features of hemorrhoids in women, its symptoms and the first signs in the initial stage, as well as modern methods of treatment of hemorrhoids, including at home using candles, ointments and folk remedies. If you have questions - leave them in the comments, or share feedback on the successful disposal of this disease.
Causes of Hemorrhoids in Women
The most common causes contributing to the development of pathology are associated with inactivity, lack of physical activity or sedentary professional activity. No wonder hemorrhoids are also called the disease of civilized countries.
So, consider in detail the common risk factors that are the causes of hemorrhoids in women:
- Pregnancy, childbirth. The uterus increases in size during pregnancy, so it puts pressure on the blood vessels, which causes stagnation of blood. During childbirth, this stagnation becomes stronger, because during the straining process, the blood filling of the pelvic veins increases.
- Constipation. Women more often than men suffer from constipation due to the characteristics of the intestinal structure (elongated sigmoid colon). During an emptying of the intestines in case of constipation, the woman stiffens, while the pressure on the walls of the venous vessels of the anal canal increases, and hemorrhoidal "bumps" appear.
- Physical overstrain, hard work. As is known, the Russian woman "will stop the galloping horse, it will enter a burning hut." Well, the profession of the tie-rod from the time immemorial was considered to be originally female in our country ... Plus, recently mass emancipation is gaining momentum all over the world, women are more and more beginning to engage in purely male types of labor and sports. Even the Olympic program includes wrestling and weightlifting competitions among women ... And how many lovely ladies in pursuit of a beautiful figure exhaust themselves with exercises with iron in gyms!
- Sedentary lifestyle. Most of us work in offices, sit at the computer and papers almost the entire working day. Yes, and free time, many modern city women prefer to spend in front of the TV or for gatherings in the cafe. Naturally, in this case, the blood supply to the pelvic organs is broken, the blood stagnates, stretching the veins, which leads to the formation of pathological nodes.
- Menstruation. It can be noticed that hemorrhoids become aggravated or begin to develop in the period of menstruation. Of course, it cannot be said that this process is the direct cause of the disease, however, during this period the blood flows more and more to the small pelvis, the blood vessels overflow, which may cause hemorrhoids.
- Improper nutrition. The fast pace of life, when in one day you need to have time to do a thousand of things, for a full and balanced diet, unfortunately, leaves no time at all. Therefore, to date, malnutrition is among the leading risk factors for the development of hemorrhoids. Every woman knows what the pursuit of an ideal figure is and what sacrifices she is ready to make for this purpose. As a result of various experiments and unbalanced diets, the intestinal microflora is disturbed, the work of the digestive system is deteriorating.
The main cause of hemorrhoids is a violation of the filling of the cavernous veins with blood. This condition can be provoked by a slowing of the venous outflow or an increase in the arterial blood flow. A peculiar blood bag formed in the dilated vein is called a hemorrhoid. Most experts believe that the prolapse of hemorrhoids occurs due to the weakening of the muscular-ligamentous apparatus of the mucous layer of the rectum.
The very first manifestation is a feeling of discomfort in the anus. It may occur during bowel movements, sitting or walking. Itching, burning, sensation of a foreign object - all this indicates inflammation of the venous nodes.
Select the first signs of hemorrhoids in women:
- feeling of discomfort, burning, itching;
- slight bleeding while using the toilet;
- inflammatory processes of the anus;
- pain, tingling, cramps during stool;
- loss or swelling of hemorrhoids;
- copious mucus.
Over time, signs of hemorrhoids increase. There is an edema of the anus, heaviness in the groin. It is difficult to walk and hurt to sit. In case of pinching of the hemorrhoid, the woman experiences a sharp, very strong pain. The nodes themselves can be detected if you touch the anus: they feel like tubercles under the skin. In advanced cases, nodes may fall out.
Symptoms of hemorrhoids in women
Symptoms of hemorrhoids in women with the development of the disease become more pronounced (see photo). So, with external hemorrhoids are observed:
- Increased itching in the perianal zone, the secretion of mucus from the rectum, which causes burning and irritation in the anus;
- A small induration at the entrance to the rectum, which increases with time, becomes inflamed, becomes painful. There may be several such seals, and they go outside during bowel movements or when straining;
- A feeling of discomfort and itching around the anus, which increases, and after a bowel movement there is a feeling of incomplete bowel movement;
- Pain in the anus and bleeding during stool. Going to the toilet becomes painful for a woman.
The most frequent complaint with hemorrhoids is a foreign body sensation in the rectum, as well as heaviness in the groin area when walking. These signs are explained by the swelling of hemorrhoidal "lumps" overflowing with blood. Itching and burning in the anus are also characteristic symptoms of hemorrhoids in women. These symptoms are due to irritation of the mucous membrane of the anus by secretions, and are also a manifestation of erosion of the walls of inflamed hemorrhoids.
It should be noted that the more advanced the disease, the more radical the method used to treat it. The development of hemorrhoids occurs in four stages:
- It is characterized by swelling and bulging of captive, sometimes bleeding hemorrhoids. There is an increase in the vascular pattern of the mucous membrane, as well as minor anatomical changes in the longitudinal muscle.
- At this point, hemorrhoidal lumps increase in size, become more dense and painful. When they have a bowel movement, they go outside (this is a reversible process, they go back on their own). Not only blood but also inflammatory fluid oozes from the rectum - it irritates the anus region, it causes irrepressible itching and discomfort. Women become very nervous. And already at this stage almost 80% of them turn to the doctor for help.
- It proceeds against the background of increasing anal itching and frequent bleeding. The prolapse of hemorrhoids requires manual or instrumental reduction. In the course of laboratory research, morphological changes in muscle tissue are revealed, indicating the predominance of dystrophic processes and loss of elasticity.
- There is also a group of particularly persistent women who are engaged in ineffective self-treatment and "spat on some kind of doctor there." They have a unique chance that the 4th stage of the disease will develop soon! I don’t even want to talk about wild discomfort, pain, suffering. We describe only the main symptoms: severe bleeding during bowel movements, variegated bumps inside and outside the anus, the inability to straighten hemorrhoids in any way (even manually), thrombi appear.
In general, despite certain causal features, the symptoms of hemorrhoids in women and girls are typical and do not differ from those in men.
What does hemorrhoids look like in women: photo
In the photo below you can see how women look like hemorrhoids, depending on the stage of development of the disease.
There are three types of disease in accordance with the location of hemorrhoids:
- Internal hemorrhoids, in which the nodes are located under the mucous membranes of the rectum, but higher than the border of the dentate line. Localization - the place of the internal plexus of the veins.
- In external hemorrhoids, hemorrhoids are located below the dentate line.
- Combined hemorrhoids are represented by a combination of internal and external types of the disease.
The degree of development of hemorrhoids depends on which of the four consecutive stages it is.
What doctor treats hemorrhoids in women
In women, the proctologist takes the treatment and diagnosis of hemorrhoids. It is this specialist who deals with examinations, prescribes therapy, gives all possible recommendations, and also tries to support the patient.
True, not all clinics have a proctologist, since his specialty and direction are rather narrow, most often he accepts either in hospitals or in private medical clinics for a fee.
Diagnosis of the disease
The diagnosis of female hemorrhoids can be made already during a visual examination of the anal region, which determines the edematous, hyperemic, dense hemorrhoids, sometimes on their tips there are sores covered with blood clots.
- When rectal examination revealed the presence of internal nodes and other pathology of the rectum (polyps, tumors).
- Rectoromanoscopy - examination of the rectum and rectosigmoid department for concomitant pathology.
- Anoscopy is carried out to assess the condition of the anal mucosa. Inspection is carried out by a special device - anoscope.
- Colonoscopy allows you to assess the condition of the mucosa of the entire colon.
Often, patients are ashamed of the proctologist and hope that the disease will go away by itself, but this behavior is fundamentally wrong. The disease can only worsen and worsen, therefore, when the first signs appear, you should immediately seek medical help. Do not try to diagnose and self-medicate yourself, as it is very difficult. In addition, the disease can be confused with other serious diseases of the rectum.
Treatment of hemorrhoids in women
In the case of hemorrhoids in women, the initial stage of the disease allows treatment at home without hospitalization. While the second and third - requires a hospital stay. More advanced cases or the fourth stage are treated only by surgical intervention.
How to quickly treat hemorrhoids in women? Drugs are used symptomatic drugs that have analgesic, anti-inflammatory, anti-edema, resolving effect. Below are the names of the most effective drugs.
The most popular hemorrhoid ointments are:
- Troxevasin ointment;
- Heparin ointment;
- Hepatrombin G;
This form of drugs is most effective for eliminating the external manifestations of the disease. With internal hemorrhoids, rectal suppositories are prescribed, they best suppress inflammation and eliminate the painful symptoms. Here is a list of the most common drugs:
- Hepatrombin G;
- Candles with adrenaline;
- Candles with belladonna;
- Candles with sea buckthorn;
- Relief Ultra;
- Candles with propolis.
In cases where local treatment is not effective enough, the doctor will recommend combining candles and ointments with venotonic drugs in the form of tablets or capsules. For oral administration prescribe such drugs as:
Before starting treatment, it is necessary to see a doctor and get advice from a proctologist on the use of medicines. You can not self-medicate, relying on advice or reviews on the Internet, especially for pregnant women.
Minimally invasive treatments
When conservative methods of treatment at home do not bring the expected result, the operation is performed using minimally invasive methods:
- Sclerotherapy - the point is to inject a substance with a sclerotic effect into the hemorrhoid. It causes flattening of the dilated veins and their gluing. Simultaneous sclerosis of no more than two hemorrhoids is recommended, but the procedure can be repeated after two weeks.
- Doping with latex rings. The basis of this method of treatment is putting on latex rings on the nodal formation of hemorrhoids. It puts pressure on the vessels carrying blood, thus closing the possibility of feeding the nodular formation, which gradually dries out and in four days finally dies off, leaving then through the anus. The ring is made of natural material. One latex ring reaches in size in the outer diameter of five millimeters, in the inner diameter of one millimeter
- Fluorocoagulation is carried out using a light guide, which is brought to the hemorrhoidal node until full contact. Radiated thermal energy contributes to the desolation and adhesion of venous vessels.
- Cryotherapy - is the processing of nodules of very low temperature, which is reduced to two hundred degrees. Manipulation is accomplished with the aid of a cryoprobe. The cryoprobe is connected to a nitrogen-pumped balloon. The supply of nitrogen is regulated by means of tubes connecting the balloon and the cryoprobe. Treatment of the disease with this apparatus gives a noticeable effect at any stage of the development of the disease, excluding the fourth. At the last stage of the disease, hemorrhoids spread over a large area. The focus of his defeat is too large. Doctors can only appoint in this situation surgery, called hemorrhoidectomy.
All minimally invasive interventions are carried out on an outpatient basis, using special equipment and local anesthesia. The procedure does not last long, after which the patient is under the supervision of doctors for some time, then goes home. Recovery after intervention occurs in a short period, there are almost no complications.
How to treat hemorrhoids in women at home
Folk remedies are used to treat hemorrhoids in women as ancillary, while reducing inflammation. From the popular recipes it is clear that they prefer local exposure at home with the help of tampons, lubricants, and baths.
- Sit baths.There are several herbs that perfectly help with hemorrhoids. These include oak bark, chamomile, celandine and calendula. They have antibacterial and analgesic properties. For cooking means you need to take one type of grass or make a mixture of herbs, taking them in equal amounts, pour boiling water. Means give insist. As soon as it cools down a little, you can proceed to sit-down baths. In addition to herbs, a cool bath made from a weak solution of potassium permanganate will also help.
- To narrow the vessels, strengthen their walls, you can apply ice, plain or from chamomile infusion. Ice cubes should be put in clean gauze and applied for a short time to avoid hypothermia.
- Mix tsp. honey, propolis, birch tar, vaseline, sea buckthorn oil. It turns out a great tool that you need to lubricate the cones before bedtime or make compresses on a napkin. Such treatment is effective and harmless, should be applied for 10 days.
- Microclysters from beet juice (50 ml) in a warm form are introduced overnight into the rectum.
- Helps to treat the disease lotions, which are made directly on the nodes themselves. For example, a piece of cloth can be moistened abundantly with a decoction of herbs and attached to the nodes for several hours. It can be simple lotions from cold water, lotions with an extract of a leaf of wild strawberry.
Before using any, even the most effective national remedy for hemorrhoids, it is necessary to consult with a specialist. Only the correct treatment will give positive results.
As you know, time to warn is much better and cheaper (in all senses of the word) than a long and painful treatment. Fortunately, hemorrhoids are a disease that we can influence and quite successfully for the better. In order to understand what constitutes prevention best, it would be advisable to return to the factors that cause the disease and try to minimize them, if we can’t eliminate it at all:
- Do not lift heavy objects often. If you are forced to lift heavy objects, do not hold your breath during lifting.
- Watch your bowels work properly, eat right and not provoke constipation and diarrhea. The diet should be fiber, liquid, vegetables and fruits. Only healthy balanced fractional food. 4-5 times a day, especially during pregnancy, excessive drinking and timely emptying of the body.
- Do not strain your anus during bowel movements, do not hatch out in an toilet for an interesting book or newspaper.
- Avoid prolonged sitting, try to be physically active. Moderation is the key to good health. If your profession "ties" you to a chair for a while, take frequent breaks to perform movements in moderate physical activity, such as walking or swimming.
Preventive measures are necessary not only for those who fear a relapse of the disease, but also for those whose relatives suffer from hemorrhoids or simply want to protect themselves from the possible appearance of the disease.